高中英語閱讀理解答題236個高頻同義轉換詞速記

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1、1. 充滿 be full of, be filled with, be flooded with, becrowded with2. 區分 distinguish/tell A from B3. 親自 personally, in person4. 只有 only, nobody/nothing but5. 出版 come out, be published6. 尤其 particularly, in particular7. 鍛煉 exercise, work out8. 謀生 make/earn a living9. 代表 represent, stand for, (be) on be

2、half of10. 結合 combine, mix sth up11. 前進 advance, move forward12. 舒適 comfortable, at ease13. 十年 decade, ten years14. 兩周 fortnight, two weeks15. 二十 score, twenty16. 十二 dozen, twelve17. 成人 adult, grown-up18. 刪除 delete, cut out19. 下降,減少decline, come/go down, drop, fall, decrease, reduce20. 移走 remove, ta

3、ke away21. 吸收 absorb, take in22. 與.一致 agree /be consistent /correspond with23. 把.分開 break sth apart, split/divide/separate sth24. 用.替換 replace. . .with, use. . .as an alternative to. . .25. 回答 answer, reply to26. 收割 harvest, gather,get in27. 抵制boycott, refuse to accept, resist,reject28. 與.相反/對立contr

4、adict, be opposite to29. 代替 replace, take the place of30. 背誦 recite, learn. . .by heart31. 害怕 fear, be afraid/scared of32. 退(學) quit, drop out of (school)33. 推遲 delay, postpone, put off34. 去拿來 fetch, go and bring back35. 相匹配 match, go with36. 精力充沛 energetic, full of energy37. 少數a minority of, a smal

5、l number of38. 打擾cause trouble to, bother,disturb39. 描述 describe, give a description of40. 后來 afterwards, after that, later on41. 缺席 be absent from, be not present at42. 目前 nowadays, at present,at the present time43. 宣布 announce/declare sth, make sth known to the public44. 重要count, matter, be import

6、ant, be of importance,significant,vital,crucial45. 擔心worry about, be concerned /anxious about46. 提到 mention, refer to, talk about/of47. 偶然地incidentally, accidentally, bychance/accident/coincidence,casually, occasionally48. 展覽 on show/display/exhibition49. 勇敢(去做)be brave to,have courage to50. 違法的 ill

7、egal, not legal, against the law51. 滿足需要 cater to/meet/satisfy the need52. 放棄 abandon, go away from, leave,give up53. 信任,信賴 trust, believe, have confidence/faith in54. 在農村城市 in the countryside/city, rural/urban areas55. 勸某人做 advise sb to do, try to persuade sb to do56. 取消 cancel, call off57. 勸某人不要做

8、discourage sb from doing, persuade sb not to do取消58. 除之外besides, as well as, in addition to, apart from59. 制訂計劃make a plan, work out a plan, draw up a plan60. 逃跑escape, run away61. 開始存在appear, come into being, come into existence62. 進入enter, come/go into63. 防.止疾病protect. . .from sickness, avoid/prev

9、ent sickness64. 用完某物run out of sth, lack sth, sth run out, sth be used up65. 方式,方法way, solution, approach, method, means66. 情況良好in (a) good condition, in a good state/situation67. 置若罔聞turn a deaf ear to, refuse to listen to68. 高興起來cheer up, become happy69. 全世界all over/around the world, worldwide, gl

10、obally, internationally70. 重力gravity, the pull of the earth71. 算出calculate, figure out72. 與不同differ from, be different from, vary from. . .to. .73. 亂七八糟in a mess,in disorder74. 氣喘吁吁breathless,out of breath75. 做出決定determine, decide, make a decision76. 對有害do harm to, be harmful to77. 相似,相像resemble, be

11、 like, be similar to78. 低語,耳語whisper, speak in a low voice79. 尋找,追求seek, look/search/hunt for80. 茫然,困惑at a loss, puzzled/confused81. 取笑,逗弄tease, make fun of, laugh at, amuse82. 提高,改善improve, make/become better83. 慶祝celebrate, hold a celebration84. 長胖put on/gain weight, grow fat85. 熟悉know. . .well, b

12、e familiar with86. 處理handle, settle, deal with, cope with87. 到處everywhere, here and there88. 加速accelerate, speed up, quicken89. 值得,應得deserve sth, be worthy of sth, be worth doing sth90. 保證,確保ensure, guarantee, make sure/certain91. 把某物分配給某人allocate sth to sb, divide sth among sb92. 一年一次的annual, yearl

13、y, every year93. 可進入, 可接近的be accessible,be easy to enter/reach/use94. 使能做某事enable sb to do, make sb able to do95. 寧做A不做B do A rather than (doing) B, do A instead of (doing) B96. 出國go abroad, go to a foreign country97. 控告accuse sb of sth, charge sb with sth98. 成功做某事manage to do sth, succeed in doing

14、sth99. 突然笑/哭起來burst into laughter/tears, burst outlaughing/crying100. 不理,忽視ignore, overlook, pay no attention to101. 挨餓,餓死starve, go hungry, die from hunger102. 充當;起的作用act as, serve as103. 榜樣model, example104. 怒視glare at, look at sth angrily105. 平靜的calm, not excited106. 抽象的abstract, not specific107.

15、 積極的active, not passive108. 殘酷地cruelly, without mercy, mercilessly109. 復雜的complicated, not simple, complex110. 人造的artificial, man-made111. 故意地deliberately, on purpose, purposely112. 再一次again, once more, once again, over and over again113. 獨自地alone, by oneself114. 有危險in danger, at risk115. 占.比例accoun

16、t for, make up116. 青少年adolescent, teenager117. 看醫生go to see/consult a doctor118. 更喜歡prefer sth, like sth better119. 使生氣annoy sb, make sb angry120. 報道此事cover/report the event121. 影響交通hold up/block traffic122. 澄清,闡明clarify, make sth clear123. 可得到的be available, be easily got124. 吸引某人interest/attract/dr

17、aw sb, appeal to sb, catch sbs eye/attention125. 無論如何anyhow, in any way126. 在后面behind, at the back of127. 無論什么whatever, no matter what128. 使某人高興cheer sb up, make sb happy129. 雇用某人employ/hire sb,take sb on130. 受歡迎的be popular with, be well received (by.)131. 得出結論conclude, draw a conclusion132. 弄明白figu

18、re out, find out133. 試驗try out, test, experiment (on /with)134. 反對be against, oppose, object to, disagree with, disapprove of135. 認為think/believe that, hold the view that, argue/claim that136. 做報告give a presentation /talk/speech137. 輟學,退學drop out of/leave school138. 優于,勝過have the advantage over, hav

19、e the edge over, be better than139. 對某人生氣get angry with sb, get cross with sb, be annoyed with sb140. 有機會使用做have access to sth, have the chance of doing sth141. 對全然不知be in the dark about, know nothing about142. 告訴某人某事tell sb sth, inform sb of sth, keep sb informed of sth143. 致力于apply/bend/commit/dev

20、ote oneself to, be bent/committed/devoted to144. 旨在做aim/be aimed at doing, be designed/intended to do, be meant to do sth145. 老年人old people, the old, senior citizens, the aged, the elderly146. 聰明的clever, bright, wise, smart147. 因某事感激某人thank sb for sth; be thankful to sb for sth; be grateful to sb fo

21、r sth;express ones gratitude to sb for sth;appreciate sth148. 參加(活動比賽)join in; take part ingo in for; participate in; get involved in; compete in149. 吸引某人attract sb; draw sb appeal to sb; have a strong appeal to sb150. 喜歡,愛好like; love; enjoy; be interested in; be fond of; have a bent for;have anamaz

22、ing appetite for; be keen on/about; be drunk with; be crazy about; beaddicted to; be bent on151. 有利于,有助于be good for; do good to be beneficial to;contribute to152. 即將到來be coming soon be approaching; be around the comer153. 記住某事remember sth keep sth in mind;bear sth in mind154. 相信,認為be sure that.; thi

23、nk/believe that.; hold the firm belief that. .;beconvinced that. . .;have the confidence that.155. 幫助某人help/aid/assist sb; give sb a hand; do sb a favor156. 考慮某事think about sth; consider sth; take sth into consideration/account157. 期望做某事expect/want to do sth; look forward to doing sth; cant wait to

24、do sth;desire/long to do sth158. 全神貫注于focus on;put ones heart into; concentrate on; be absorbed in; be devotedto159. 影響affect; have an effect/influence/impact on160. 拒絕refuse; reject;turn down; decline (謝絕);say no to161. 尊敬,尊重respect; show respect for; look up to; admire162. 使用,利用use; employ; make u

25、se of; take advantage of; make the best of163. 參觀visit; pay a visit to; go to. . .for a visit164. 發生happen; occur; hit /strike sp. ;take place; come about165. 想到sb think of sth; sth occur to/strike sb; sb come up with sth166. 建議suggest that. . . ; advise that. . .; put forward the suggestion that. .

26、 .;recommend that. . .167. 促成;導致cause; contribute to; lead to; result in; bring about168. 提高improve; raise; increase; promote; strengthen169. 把時間用于spend time (in) doing sth/on sth ; devote all ones time to doing sth170. 向某人道歉apologize to sb; say sorry to sb; make an apology to sb171. 決心做某事decide to

27、do sth; determine/be determined to do sth; make up ones mind todo sth172. 位于be in; lie in. . .; be located in; be situated in. . .173. 知道,意識到know; realize; be aware of/that; be conscious of; come to realize174. 同意某人的觀點agree with sb; share the same idea with sb175. 重視,關注value; pay attention to; take

28、sth seriously; attach great importance to;laystress on176. 試圖做某事. 盡力做某事try to do sth; try ones best to do sth;attempt/seek to do sth; make an attempt to do sth; spare no efforts to dosth;make every effort to do sth177. 對滿意be satisfied with; express ones satisfaction with178. 對某人生氣be angry with sb;be

29、 annoyed with sb; be cross with sb179. 忙于be busy with;beoccupied with; bury oneself in180. 由組成be made up of; consist of; be composed of181. 擅長做,精通,熟悉be good at; be skilled at/in; be expert in; do wellin;have a good command/knowledge of; be familiar/acquainted with182. 適當的,適合的be fit for; be suitable

30、for; be appropriate for183. 一就. on doing; immediately, directly, instantly; the moment, the minute, thesecond, the instant; as soon as,no sooner. . .than, hardly/scarcely. . .when184. 因而著名be famous for; be well-known for; be noted for;becelebrated for185. 習慣于(做)某事be used to (doing) sth; be accustome

31、d to (doing) sth186. 重要的important; essential; significant; vital; crucial; ofimportance/significance187. 富裕的rich; wealthy; well-off; well-to-do188. 許多的many; much; a lot of; lots of; plenty of; numerous; a large number of; alarge quantity of; a large amount of189. 累的;精疲力竭的be tired; be worn out; be ex

32、hausted190. 有時sometimes;once in a while; occasionally; at times; now and then; from timeto time191. 立即;馬上immediately; without hesitation;without delay192. 事實上in fact; in reality; as a matter of fact;in practice;in effect193. 越來越多的more and more; an increasing/a growing number of194. 取得,贏得get; win; ga

33、in; obtain; attain; acquire; earn195. 實現(目標)realize; reach; accomplish; achieve; attain196. 贊成,同意agree with; approve of; be in favor of; stand by ones side197. 當前, 目前now; nowadays; at present;presently; at the presenttime198. 缺點,不利條件shortcoming; weak point;weakness; disadvantage; drawback199. 成功,成就s

34、uccess; accomplishment; achievement200. 除之外(,還)besides; apart from; in addition to; along with201. 優秀的good; excellent; outstanding; distinguished202. 需要need; call for; require; demand; be in need of203. 與相聯系 be related to; be relevant to; be linked to; beconnected with204. 因為because of;on account of

35、; due to; owing to; thanks to; for the reason that205. 表達express; convey206. 養成;培養develop; train; foster; cultivate207. 指望depend on; rely on; count on208. 應該should; be supposed to209. 富于be rich in; be abundant in210. 厭倦 be tired of; be bored with; be fed up with211. 普通的ordinary; common; average212.

36、嚴重的serious; severe213. 各種 all/different kinds/types of; a variety of; varieties of; a (wide) rangeof214. 最后finally; eventually215. 期間during; in the course of216. 評價judge; evaluate; convince217. 說服persuade218. 理解understand; comprehend219. 足夠的enough; adequate; ample220. 忍受bear; stand; put up with;tole

37、rate221. 彌補make up for; compensate for222. 挑選choose; select; pick out223. 總計add up to; amount to224. 照顧 look after ;take care of; tend; attend225. 面對;面臨face; be faced/confronted with226. 走(30英里路程)walk/travel (30 miles); cover (30 miles)227. 有益的good; helpful;beneficial; rewarding228. 大多數most; the maj

38、ority of229. 非常very; greatly; extremely;badly230. 突然suddenly; all of a sudden231. 聰明的clever; bright; intelligent; brilliant232. 顯然obvious; apparent233. 捐贈give.away; donate; contribute234. 激增increase rapidly; multiply; rocket235. 一定做be sure/certain to do; be bound to do236.漂亮的beautiful; pretty; attractive; appealing, charming

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